Author Archives: Nicholas Omolo

Poultry feed is food for chickens, ducks, geese and other domestic birds. Historically, poultry were mostly kept on general farms, and foraged for much of their feed, eating insects, grain spilled by cattle and horses, and plants around the farm. This was often supplemented by grain, household scraps, garden waste and some supplements. As farming became more sophisticated and specialized, many farms kept flocks too large to be fed in this way, and nutritionally complete poultry feed was developed. Modern feeds for poultry consists largely of grain, protein supplements such as soybean oil meal, mineral supplements, and vitamin supplements. The quantity of feed, and the nutritional requirements of the feed, depend on the weight and age of the poultry, their rate of growth, their rate of egg production, weather factors (cold or wet weather causes higher energy expenditure), and the amount of nutrition the poultry unit obtains from foraging. This…

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Beef cattle can consume roughage of both low and high quality, including pasture forage, hay, silage, maize fodder, straw and by-products of grains. Cattle can also consume non-protein nitrogen in the form of urea and diuretic feed supplements – which can supply from one-third or even one-half of all their protein needs. Non protein nitrogen is relatively easy to get and is abundant and is usually fed in a grain ration or in liquid supplements with molasses and phosphoric acid or is mixed with silage during ensiling time; it also may be used in supplement blocks for range cattle or as part of range pellets. Other additions to diet include maize, sorghum, wheat, barley or oats. Fattening cattle are usually fed from 2.2 to 3.0 percent of their live weight per day, depending on the amount of concentrates in the ration and the rate at which they are being fattened.